Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors and cognitive processes and contents through a number of goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures. The name refers to behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based upon a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles and research.

Techniques of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT Addiction Centers

There are different protocols for delivering cognitive behavioral therapy, with important similarities among them. Use of the term cognitive behavioral therapy may refer to different interventions, including self-instructions, relaxation, biofeedback, development of adaptive coping strategies, changing maladaptive beliefs, and goal setting. Cognitive behavioral therapy is used in both individual and group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications.

CBT has six phases:
1. Assessment;
2. Reconceptualization;
3. Skills acquisition;
4. Skills consolidation and application training;
5. Generalization and maintenance;
6. Post-treatment assessment follow-up.

Approach of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychological treatment that addresses the interactions between how we think, feel and behave. It focuses on current problems and follows a structured style of intervention. The development and administration of cognitive behavioral therapy have been closely guided by research. Evidence now supports the effectiveness
of cognitive behavioral therapy for drug and alcohol addiction.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is less like a single intervention and more like a family of treatments and practices. Practitioners of cognitive behavioral therapy may emphasize different aspects of treatment (cognitive, emotional, or behavioral) based on the training of the practitioner.

Cognitive behavioral therapy has been studied and effectively implemented with persons who have multiple and complex needs, and who may be receiving additional forms of treatment, or have had no success with other kinds of treatment.